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The content of the article:
▼ What is the Stroop effect
▼ The classic version of the Stroop test
▼ Stroop test - search for color and name matches
The Stroop test is based on the well-known Stroop effect among psychologists, according to which a person has difficulty in determining the color of the inscription if the inscription contradicts the color. For example, if the word "black" is written in red, then before correctly determining the color of the inscription, the person will be confused for a moment, probably without realizing it. As a result, it will take more time before it correctly detects a color than if the color name matches the color in which the name is written.
It is noteworthy that this effect only takes place if the name of the color is written in a language that you know. According to unconfirmed rumors, this allowed the counterintelligence departments during the Cold War years to use this effect to identify spies. The fact is that a person who knows the language of the enemy will have difficulty in determining the color of the inscription. At the same time, the speed of determining the inscription will differ for different people, since it depends on the flexibility of cognitive thinking, which, by the way, allows us to determine the Stroop test.
In its original form, the test is something like an exam. During it, you are given a form with a number of words - the names of colors that do not match the color of the names themselves. You, in turn, must quickly and correctly pronounce the color of the inscription, regardless of how this color is named in the test form. Next, I offer you some modifications of the test to determine the flexibility of thinking, namely the classic version of the Stroop test in a non-verbal version (without the need to pronounce words) and a modification of the Stroop test, where you need to find 20 words - color names that match the color they are written in, among 80 color names whose color does not match the name in 1 minute.
The Stroop effect is a psychological phenomenon expressed in the form of a delay in the human reaction that occurs when determining the color of the text of color names, when the color name contradicts the color in which this name is written. The effect was named after John Ridley Stroop, a famous American psychologist, researcher in the field of cognitive processes and interference. Interestingly, the delay that a person experiences before the name of a color varies in duration from person to person, and can be measured experimentally. The speed with which a person correctly determines the color of a color name that contradicts this color differs from the speed of determining the color itself. The conflicting name in a sense blocks our ability to correctly identify the name of the color in which the name is written. A test based on the Stroop effect allows you to determine cognitive rigidity - the degree of ability to quickly change the conceptual picture of the world when new information is received, which is the flexibility of thinking, or the flexibility of cognitive control. By the flexibility of thinking, one can judge how automated verbal and sensory-perceptual functions are, the functions of human perception.
The Stroop test
The classic version of the Stroop test requires the subject, when showing him cards with inscriptions - the names of colors written in different colors, to try to quickly and correctly name the color with which this inscription is written. The test is divided into three stages:
The classic Stroop test is presented in two versions of the test, consisting of two stages. In the first version of the experiment (stages 1 and 2), you need to correctly pronounce the name, regardless of its color. In the second version (stages 2 and 3) you need to name the color in which the color name is written. The average time for which a person correctly names colors in the first and second stages of two test options is calculated. From the time spent on the definition of colors in the test version in which the person has difficulty in determining the colors, the time for which the person correctly determines the colors and reads the names of the colors is subtracted. The remaining time divided by the number of color names is the delay time, which can be used to judge the cognitive flexibility or cognitive rigidity of a person.
Express Stroop test for 30 pairs of word-colors:
Classical Stroop test online - 1 option (Select color by name) 30 pairs
Classical Stroop test online - 2 option (Choose color by name) 30 pairs
Test based on the Stroop effectA test to determine the speed of identifying a correctly named lettering color among incorrectly named lettering colors.
Description of the test based on the Stroop effect. This variant of the test is presented as a table with 100 color names written in different colors. Among these 100 words, it is necessary to find and highlight 20 words whose color matches the color they name. The speed of execution is important here, since the test itself lasts only 1 minute. Thus, 0.6 seconds, or 600 milliseconds for each word, is given to determine whether the color and the name of the color match. The test will allow you to determine if your mental flexibility is sufficient to complete this test in 1 minute. For a more accurate assessment, it is best if you pass the test several times - since the correct color names are randomly located among the wrong ones.
By clicking on the links of this test, you will be taken to a page with a form on which multi-colored inscriptions will be placed - four types of test with inscriptions in four colors: 1st (red, yellow, blue, black), 2nd (green, yellow, blue, black), 3rd (red, yellow, green and black) and 4th (red, green, blue and black) and one type of test - with five colors (red, yellow, blue, black, green). Several varieties of this Stroop test with a different set of colors are due to the different color perception of people. So, there are people who have difficulty distinguishing red, green and blue colors, but who would like to test their cognitive flexibility with this test.
Instructions for the Stroop test to identify color and name: Your task is to mark inscriptions (names of colors) in the form as soon as possible, the color of which matches the name of the color. That is, if the word "red" is written in red, you click on this word, if the name does not match, just skip. Working time - 1 minute.
Pass the Stroop test based on the Stroop effect:
Stroop test (5 colors)
Stroop test (4 colors without red)
Stroop test (4 colors without green)
Stroop test (4 colors without blue)
Stroop test (4 colors without yellow)
Examples of test forms based on the Stroop effect:
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